What Is Another Name Of Condensation Reaction?

What is a condensation product?

(Chem.) a substance obtained by the polymerization of one substance, or by the union of two or more, with or without separation of some unimportant side products.

See also: Condensation..

What happens during condensation polymerisation?

Condensation polymers are any kind of polymers formed through a condensation reaction—where molecules join together—losing small molecules as byproducts such as water or methanol. … The main alternative forms of polymerization are chain polymerization and polyaddition, both of which give addition polymers.

What is the main purpose of carbohydrates in our bodies?

Summary One of the primary functions of carbohydrates is to provide your body with energy. Your cells convert carbohydrates into the fuel molecule ATP through a process called cellular respiration.

Is insulin a monomer or polymer?

The insulin molecule contains 51 amino acids; it is made up of two peptide chains linked by disulphide bonds. Although it is active as a monomer, during its biosynthesis and storage it assembles to dimers and, in the presence of zinc, to hexamers.

What type of reaction is condensation?

A condensation reaction is a class of organic addition reaction that typically proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).

What is the name of the process during which a bond between two monomers are broken?

hydrolysisExplain the chemical reaction for breaking down a polymer into individual monomers. The process of splitting the bond between monomers is called hydrolysis. Hydrolysis means “to break with water”. Since a water molecule was lost during dehydration synthesis, hydrolysis brings the water back.

Which best describes what occurs in a condensation reaction?

A condensation reaction occurs when two molecules join to form a larger molecule and release a smaller molecule(s) in the process. The smaller molecule lost in the reaction is often water, but it can also be methanol, hydrogen chloride, acetic acid or several other molecules.

What is the simplest monomer of a carbohydrate?

MonosaccharidesMonosaccharides are the monomers that make up carbohydrates. Glucose is an example of a monosaccharide.

How are polymers built and broken down?

Polymers are broken down into monomers via hydrolysis reactions, in which a bond is broken, or lysed, by addition of a water molecule. … This is the reverse of a dehydration synthesis reaction, and it releases a monomer that can be used in building a new polymer.

How are monomers joined together?

The monomers combine with each other using covalent bonds to form larger molecules known as polymers. In doing so, monomers release water molecules as byproducts. This type of reaction is known as dehydration synthesis, which means “to put together while losing water.” … In the process, a water molecule is formed.

What is the difference between dehydration and condensation?

During condensation reaction, two molecules combine to form a single molecule with the loss of a small molecule; in dehydration reaction, this lost molecule is water.

What are two examples of carbohydrates?

Following are the important examples of carbohydrates:Glucose.Galactose.Maltose.Fructose.Sucrose.Lactose.Starch.Cellulose.More items…

What is the difference between a condensation reaction and hydrolysis?

Hydrolysis is a reaction in which chemical bonds are broken by the addition of water. … Condensation is a type of reaction where two molecules react together to form a larger molecule, via the elimination of a smaller one.

What enzyme catalyzed a condensation reaction?

Enzyme-catalyzed condensation reaction in a mammalian alpha-amylase.

What is condensation short answer?

Condensation is the process where water vapor becomes liquid. It is the reverse of evaporation, where liquid water becomes a vapor. Condensation happens one of two ways: Either the air is cooled to its dew point or it becomes so saturated with water vapor that it cannot hold any more water. Dew Point.

What is another name for condensation reaction quizlet?

What is another name for a condensation reaction? Dehydration. What is the name of the process during which a bond between two monomers is broken?

Which part of an amino acid is always acidic?

carboxyl groupWhich part of an amino acid is always acidic? The carboxyl group (COOH) contains two oxygen atoms that tend to pull electrons away from the hydrogen atom, so this group tends to lose a proton and is acidic.

What is the general term for any carbohydrate monomer quizlet?

Terms in this set (11) What is the general term for any carbohydrate monomer? simple sugars.