Quick Answer: What Are The 8 Routes Of Drug Administration?

What is the most common injection?

Most people are familiar with injections delivered into the muscle, intramuscular injections, but there are actually 3 other places that a needle be inserted to deliver medication.

The most common site of intradermal injection is in the back or forearm.

Vaccines are usually delivered via this route..

What is the most common route of drug administration?

Oral administration This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. Solid dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage.

What are the four enteral routes of administration?

Enteral administration involves the esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines (i.e., the gastrointestinal tract). Methods of administration include oral, sublingual (dissolving the drug under the tongue), and rectal. Parenteral administration is via a peripheral or central vein.

What is the difference between iv and im injection?

Intramuscular injections may be used instead of intravenous injections because some drugs are irritating to veins, or because a suitable vein can’t be located. It may be used instead of oral delivery because some drugs are destroyed by the digestive system when a drug is swallowed.

Do IV drugs bypass the liver?

For this reason, Remdesivir is administered by IV infusion, bypassing the portal vein. However, significant hepatic extraction still occurs because of second pass metabolism, whereby a fraction of venous blood travels through the hepatic portal vein and hepatocytes.

Is parenteral the same as IV?

The common parenteral routes are intramuscular (IM), subcutaneous (SC) and intravenous (IV). Box 1 outlines the advantages and disadvantages of parenteral routes.

What are the parenteral routes of administration?

There are five commonly used routes of parenteral (route other than digestive tract) administration: subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM).

Do you rub im injections?

Doing a massage of the site after an injection can cause the drug to back up through the subcutaneous tissue, so any type of massage is to be avoided with intramuscular injections.

How many type of injection do we have?

Needle insertion angles for 4 types of injections: intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intradermal injection.

What are the routes of drug administration explain?

For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin.

Which is faster IV or IM?

IV drug administration achieves high plasma concentrations rapidly in plasma and tissues. Muscles are very vascular structures, and IM absorption occurs by drug diffusion from interstitial fluid and capillary membranes into plasma, and so onset of action is longer than IV injection.

What injection is given in the stomach?

Enoxaparin is usually injected in the stomach area. You must use a different area of the stomach each time you give the shot. If you have questions about where to give the shot, ask your healthcare provider. Each syringe has enough drug in it for one shot.

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the routes of injection?

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:Subcutaneous (under the skin)Intramuscular (in a muscle)Intravenous (in a vein)Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

Which parenteral route is fastest?

IntravenousIntravenous (IV) Injection straight into the systemic circulation is the most common parenteral route. It is the fastest and most certain and controlled way.

What are the advantages of IV drug administration?

The intravenous route has a number of advantages. Drug is delivered immediately upon the completion of a response requirement and since delivery is into a vein, there is a rapid onset of drug effects. Such immediacy results in rapid acquisition and strong maintenance of behavior.